I N T R O D U C T I O N
A. THE LIMITATION OF THE TITLE
In avoiding the readers' misunderstanding, the writer would like to give the limitation of the title It is of course that in giving the limitation of the title is not at wholly. From the thesis entitled " The Influence of the Ability in Mastering Dialogue on the Achievement in Learning English to the Second Year Students at M A N Magelang ", the writer just wants to explain some terms related to the title. Especially those are becoming key words. They are : Influence, Ability, Mastering Dialogue, Achievement, Learning Eng lish, and MAN Magelang.
Influence : It is a noncountable noun. It means power to affect sb’s character, beliefs, or actions through example, fear, admiration, etc. According to Professor Sir Randolph Quirk in his dictionary entitled 'Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English' N.Edn., the word Influence means the power to have an effect on someone or something without the-use of direct force or command. In this thesis the influence shows the relation between the ability in mastering dialogue and the achievement in learning English.
The Ability in Mastering Dialogue :
Ability (noun) means power to perform ; skill ,to achieve; capability for carrying out; capacity to device retain, or make use of; phisical or moral strength; talents or gifts; in a special or general degree; wealth, means And also according to Professor Sir Randolph Quirk, the word 'ability' (C/U noun ) means the fact of having the skill, power or other qualities that are needed to do something. Mastering is a gerund form of master or to master ( to inf. ) Master ( v ) means to learn thoroughly or gain a lot of skill in. Dialogue ( noun ) means ( a ) written conversation inna book or play. According to A S Hornby, dialogue means ( writing in the form of a ) conversation or talk.
In this thesis ‘the ability in mastering dialogue means, in the writer's opinian, the students' ability in mastering the English dialogues either in their text-books or in other books or even on their tests in the written form. The word students, as we have already mentioned above, refers to the second year students at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri ( MAN ) Magelang.
Achievement : The word 'achievement' is a noun (C/U) Achievement ( U ) means the successful finishing or gaining of something. Whereas the word achievement as non countable noun means something success fully finished or gained, especially through skill or hard work.
Learning English : in the writer's opinion, how is the students' score condition in learning English, especially on the final test of the fourth semester. It is a compound word coming from 'Learning' and 'English'. Learning is the gerund form of to learn (to inf.) having meaning to acquire knowledge of; fixed in the mind (vt), to gain or receive knowledge or skill (Vi.).
As a matter of fact, the word English has so many meanings. In this thesis, English means : 1) The language of Britain, the U S, Australia, etc. , 2) English language and literature as a subject of study. In the writer's opinion the word English means the language of Britain, the US, Australia which is learnt by Indonesian learners as a subject of study. Learn ing English means the process in learn, ing English of the second year students at M A N Magelang.
Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) Magelang :
There are two Islamic Senior High Schools lay in Kotamadia Magelang. , They are MAN whic is located on Jl. Perum Korpri Ngembik Kotamadia Magelang first, and MAN which is lied on Jl. Sunan Bonang 17, P 0 BOX 42 Phone 2928 Kodia Magelang. In getting the data of this thesis, the writer had researched MAN which is lied on Jl. Sunan Bonang the 17th Kodia Magelang, or it is usually called M A N ex :P G A N Magelang.
After giving explanation of each term, the meaning of the title ' The Influence of the Ability in Mastering Dialogue on the Achievement in Learning English to the Second Year Students at M A N Magelang is an investigation to show the relationship between the ability in mastering dialogue, in the written form, and the result of the final score of English subject. In this case the writer investigated to the second year students of A.1, A.3, and A.4 Programs.
B. THE BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEMS
Before discussing the problems involved in this thesis, the writer would like to give points becoming the background of the problems. It is done in order to make the readers will be easier in understanding this thesis.
English is one of the International languages, and spoken by many people in the world. English is also the most famoust and important language in the world, since there are many scientific books printed in English, and English is also used in formal or non formal communication in the world.
In many branches of knowledge, the English books are their main sources, such as Mathematics, Biology, Sociology, Law, Chemists, Medical, Engineering, and many others. Lately, English is also spoken in formal or in non formal meetings in the world, and in Indonesia as well. There are many teaching learning processes are conducted in English, especially in the English department of Universities, English course institutions, discussions, seminars, and so on.
In Indonesian schools condition, English is taught from junior high school level until university level. There also occur many English courses in every town. In this case, later ones, serve English courses for children or they are usually called English for Children Class. On the other word, there are many companies or factories or even state departments that need one who master English well. They do not demand ones mastering English passively only, that is ones who master English in receiptive skill, but also ones mastering English actively, that is ones who can use English as their means of communication or ones who can speak and write in English. It means that the English is the first and main entrance requirement in applying for the worker.
Based on the brief description of the English position, we know that English is one of important languages in the world. It is one of demanding subjects in every high school in Indonesia. Thus, English, for the English department students, is not a new subject, since English has been given when they were studying English in their junior high schools level. Viewed from the time they had used, they should master English well.
We have already known that there are four aspects influencing the ability in mastering a language, English as well. They are : reading, listening, writing, and speaking. Therefore, in this thesis, the writer would like to discuss about two aspects of language they are; speaking and listening, or it's usually named 'dialogue’ Because, of the reasons of the curriculum, the writer could not do the investigation of students ability in mastering dialogue as it be. It means that in investigating the students ability in mastering dialogue was not orally, but he investigated the dialogue in the written form.. It was also because the very limited time being available to do the research.
Furthermore, agree with the “ Kurikulum 1984 Madrasah Aliyah “
Agree with the Kurikulum Madrasah Aliyah 1984, in its introduction is said that “Berbahasa adalah menggunakan bahasa untuk berkomunikasi”. It means that after learning English, the students are hoped to be able to use the language as their means of communication.
Furthermore, based on the objective or purpose and the function of the teaching of English is said :
Kurikulum bahasa Inggris ini bertujuan untuk mengembalikan pengajaran bahasa kepada ketermaknaan dan fungsi komunikasi tersebut. Ini diupayakan dengan penjabaran kurikulum yang secara jelas bertujuan kemampuan berkomunikasi. Kurikulum ini menuntut bahwa dalam penyajian bahan pengajaran, bentuk-bentuk bahasa. selalu dikaitkan dengan makna bentuk bahasa itu dan dengan pesan yang dimaksud untuk disampaikan. Proses penyampaian pesan ini diterangkan dalam kaitannya dengan tugas dan fungsi komunikasi sesuai dengan konteks dan situasi berbahasa.
After searching the purpose and the function of teaching of English based on Kurikulum 1984 Madrasah Aliyah, we can find that the language as a means of communication has an important role. It means that the teaching of dialogues to the second year students is to support the achievement of the curriculum.
The dialogue, as we have already mentioned above, means a conversation or a talk in the written form . It means that in this thesis, the writer did not investigate how is the students ability in mastering English dialogue orally. It was because of many reasons. Therefore in this thesis, wants to know how is the influence of the ability in mastering dialogue on the achievement in learning English to the second year students at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri Magelang.
C. THE FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM
Related to this study discussing about the Influence of the Ability in Mastering Dialogue on the Achievement in Learning English to the Second Year Students at M A N Magelang, the writer would like to present the formulations of the problem first, namely :
1. How is the ability in mastering the English dialogues of the second year students at MAN Magelang.
2. What methods have been used in order to increase the students ability in mastering the English dialogues.
3. How is the students achievement in learning English.
4. How much is the influence of the ability in mastering dialogue on their achievements in learning English.
If the students have good ability in mastering English dialogue, their achievements in learning English will be better.
E. THE REASONS OF CHOOSING THE PROBLEM
Language is not a practical science only, but also theoretical science. Studying a language means to study how the language works, either in theoretically or in practically. Language will be useful for persons learning he language, if the persons can use the language as it be. They should be able to master the language both in receptive skill reading and listening and productive skill speaking and writing.
Now days, all of people know that so many companies or factories or even state departments' demand persons who master English well to be their workers. Persons should be able to communicate their ideas in English, if they want a good job with good salary.
While the demands of the world are felt too heavy for everyone, includes the students, the graduated of the schools have not been ready for used yet. They should come to a course or training school to make perfect their knowledge of English if they want to get the job as they have immaginized. It means that they will need much more time as well as fee to improve their knowledge in English.
On the other word, in getting a test or final examination, they often or even always meet dialogues in the written form. They often get difficulties in answering the question lists. In the writer's opinion, they get difficulties because they haven't been usual to use the language as their means of communication, although in written forms. In Indonesian schools, especially those are based on the Curriculum of 1980, the teaching-learning a language processes are still emphasized on the structure, structural-oriented, whereas the communicative aspects on the weak side. It is mentioned in the “Kurikulum Madrasah Aliyah, Garis-garis Besar Program Pengajaran:" Dalam Kurikulum 1980 struktur menjadi pusat perhatian dan inti kurikulum. Semua penyajian pelajaran berkisar sekitar struktur itu ". 
On the other hand, learning a language is not only learning its structure, but also learning all of the language aspects or learning what the language really is. Language is a means of communication, by means that by using the language we are able to communicate our ideas to other people, or to make interact to other ones.
Agree with Mary Finacchiaro, Ph.D., in her book entitled : 'English as a Second Language: From Theory to Practice, giving us some definitions of the language, one of them says :
"Language is a system of arbitrary, vocal symbols which permits all people in a given culture, or other people who have learned the system of that culture, to communicate or to interact. Furthermore, she also explains the definition above. She says :
The word communicate and interact as used in the definition signify to understand and to speak; to be able to hear and to respond or react (by carrying out directions, for example ) to spoken word. They imply, too, the ability to talk about something that happen in the past, that is happening in : the present time, or that may happen in some time in the future.
From the explanation above, we are clearly able to understand that learning a language is how to learn the language to be useful for our daily life.
In studying English, the ability in mastering dialogues is a very important aspect that muse be mastered by every English learner, if they want to be good in English. The attitudes of the teacher or the techniques of teaching are very important aspects to achieve the success in learning English, and the students dilligence as well, especially for the ability in mastering dialogues.
According to the writer, MAN Magelang is representative enough for the level of Senior High School to be investigated.
As a student of Tarbiyah Faculty, English section Of Tadris Department, after graduating, the writer will be an English teacher, so that he needs knowledge and experience in teaching English as a means of communication, especially in teaching dialogues. As far as he knows, there have not been scripts of English for Tadris students, discussing the influence of the ability in mastering dialogue on the achievement in learning English.
F. THE PURPOSES AND USES OF WRITING
Generally each person has purposes of doing something and the writer as well. In writing this thesis, the writer wants to gain some purposes, they are :
1. The writer wants to know whether or not the ability in mastering English dialogue will influence the achievement in learning English.
2. Wants to search, the students who master four language skills, especially mastering dialogue, will gel good marks / scores in their tests. So that the writer wants to prove quantitatively.
3. Wants to know what methods have been used to increase the ability in mastering the English dialogue of the second year students at M A N Magelang.
4. Wants to fulfill the requirement of getting a scholarship degree.
In order that the materials of the teaching-learning process can be received, or understood by students qualitatively or quantitatively, as the candidate of the English teacher, he must, the writer, look for the best method for the teaching learning processes. In this case the writer is going to give the definition of "quality" and "quantity". Quality means 'The level of exelence something. In this script, qualitatively means the materials that are taught by the teachers can be understood by the students well. While the quantity means “Anything which can be multiplied”, In this script, quantity means the materials that are taught by the teachers are inside of the principles of the instruction programmes ( GBPP ). If the method is good, the target will be easier to get. Furthermore the writer would like to correlate the ability in mastering the dialogues and the achievement in learning English. If the correlation of both is string, we can used the dialogue method to achieve the target in learning English. It means that the proportion of tie ability in mastering dialogues should be increased with connecting the other components such as structure, vocabulary, reading and so on. It is of course, this method does not break the guidance of teaching program written in GBPP.
This thesis is expected to give worthwhile experiences in teaching English to the writer; and the result of this research is expected to be useful for English teachers to develop their teaching abilities.
G. THE RESEARCH METHODS
To ease the research, the researcher used some methods. The methods used in this research are :
1. The method of choosing the object.
The object of this research which was investigated is the ability in mastering the English dialogues. The data sources are the students learning English at the second year especially for the programmes A.1, A.3 and A.4, the English teachers, the officials, and the real condition of MAN Magelang.
Based on the number of the students population, the researcher did not took some students sample but took all of the number of the students. In this case the researcher used the population "method. According to Suharsimi Arikunto, population means :
keseluruhan subyek penelitian. Apabila seseorang ingin meneliti semua elemen yang ada didalam wilayah penelitian, maka penelitiannya merupakan penelitian populasi. Study atau penelitiannya juga disebut studi populasi atau Studi sensus
Furthermore, as for the number of the data, she says:
Untuk sekedar ancer-ancer maka apabila subyeknya kurang dari seratus, lebih baik diambil semua sehingga penelitiannya merupakan penelitian populasi. Selanjutnya jika jumlah subyeknya besar dapat diambil 10 - 15% atau 20 - 25 % atau lebih.
In this investigation the number of the students ; are 73 persons so that all of them are involved in this research.
2. Methods of collecting data.
To make the study easy to perform, the writer in composing the script utilized some methods. According to Funk and Wagnalls, method is “A general or established way or order of doing anything “
clip_image001The methods used to collect the data are :
a. The observation method.
Observation is “the act or practice of noting or recording facts or events, as for scientific study” According to Sutrisno Hadi, the observation method is “sebagai pengamatan dan pencatatan dengan sistematic fenomena-fenomena yang diselidiki. This method was used to investigate everything in relation to the activities of students learning English at MAN Magelang, especially for the ability in mastering dialogue, and to get the data of the objective condition of MAN Magelang.
b. The Interview method.
In Webster's Dictionary, interview means “a meeting of people face to face to conver about something. In this case Sutrisno Hadi said that , interview is " sebagai metode pengumpulan data dengan jalan tanya jawab sepihak yang dikerjakan dengan sistematik dan berlandaskan kepada tujuan penyelidikan" The writer regards that the observation method is not enough to get the data, because it cannot provide with abstract thing. The writer, then, hold interview with the persons needed in this research, by interview, the writer hopes to check up the correctness of data got from observation.
c. The test method
Test means examination or trial ( of sth ) to find its quality, value composition etc., trial or examination (of sb, hispower, knowledge, skill etc.) The writer used this method to the second year students at MAN Magelang in the question form to test their ability in mastering English dialogues to get the data of the research.
d. The Anquete method.
This method was used to obtain the data of the students' personality in the table form of questions given to the students or respondents. This method is also expected to be able to collect the data of the students' attitudes toward learning English dialogues.
e. The documentation method.
It means a way of obtaining or collecting data by seeing the document which is related to the main problem. This method was used to get the data of English , curiculum, organization structure of MAN Magelang, and everything related to the title.
3. The methods in analyzing the data.
After collecting the data, the writer analyzed the data by using the methods as follows :
a. The methods of analyzing the qualitative data are :
1) The deductive method.
The deductive method is “A method of scientific reasoning by which from general principle concrete applications or consequences are needed.”
2) The inductive method.
It is “a method or act or process of reasoning from a part to a whole, from particular to general, from individual to a whole or universal.”
b. The method used to analyzed the quantitative data is the statistical method.
The formula to find the average score of the achievement of English learning is : M =X/N
Note : M = Mean ( Average )
X = The scores of all items
N = Number of cases.
The formula to get the percentage is :
clip_image002P = x 100%
Note : P = Percentage
f = Frequency
N = Number of Population
While the way to know the influence of the ability in mastering the English dialogue, the researcher used the technique of correlation. The formula to get the correlation is :
å x’ y’ – ( Cx’) (Cy’)
( SDx’ ) ( SDy’)
rxy = The number of index correlation between variable X and.
å x’y’ = The number of the result of the cross multiply ( product of
the moment ) between : the frequency of cell( f ) by x' and y'.
Cx’ = The Value of Correction on the variable X, which is able
to be got by the formula :
Cx’ = å fx
Cy’ = The Value of Correction on the variable Y, which is able
to be got by the formula :
Cy’ = å fy
SDx’ = Standard Deviation of scores X, by means every score to
be as 1 unit ( in which i = 1 ).
SDy’ = Standard Deviation of scores Y, by means every score to
be as 1 unit ( in which i = 1 ).
N = Number of Cases.
H. THE THEORITICAL BASIS
It is realized that dialogue or conversation is an important role in human life. Everyone will converse his ideas to others everyday. By conversation means that they make communication to other people.
Language skill in the curriculum of school consists of four skills, they are : learning, speaking, reading , and writing skills. Every skill Influences each other, and cannot stand alone.
Since this thesis discusses about the ability in mastering dialogues, it is important for the writer to explain what the dialogue or conversation is. In fact, by doing conversation means making, oral communication. As Donn Byrne says that oral communication is two way process between the speaker and listener ( listeners ) , involving the productive skill of speaking and the receiptive skill of understanding ( or listening with understanding ). Furthermore he says both speaker and listener have a positive function to perform : the speaker has to encode the message to be conveyed in appropriate language, while the listener ( no less actively ) has to decode ( or interpret ) the message.
On the other words, Dr. Sri Utari Subyakto N. interpretes the ability of dialogue ( or conversation ) as the communicative ability of communicative competence. “The communicative competence means the knowledge of language forms, the meaning of the forms and the ability to use them in appropriate time and to whom the forms are naturally. Furthermore he says that the purpose of communicative competence is to conveyed the message to other people, that is the ability to communicate everything in the language, firstly. Secondly, the purpose of communicative competence is to conveyed the message in the way that the message can be received socially. The first purpose can be gained by the activities which are able to be called communicative performance, whereas the second purpose can be gained with exercises to develop the communicative competence.
From the explanations above it is clear that in the communication process needs some components, namely the speaker, message, and listener. The diagram below shows how the four language skills are related.
Listener Message Speaker
Receiptive (Understanding | Speaking ) Productive
( Reading | Writing )
clip_image004 clip_image005 clip_image005
Reader Reading Writer
From the diagram above, we can see how the four language skills are related. In spoken language, the speaker must be able to convey the message to the listener as clearly as possible, while the listener must be able to interpret the message with good understanding. This purpose can be gained if the speaker has the ability to speak fluency, as well the listener has good ability of listening or understanding the language. Hence, between speaker and listener must have god understanding of the language to attain a good communication process.
In written language, the writer must have a good knowledge of writing with all of its aspects whereas the reader must have a good knowledge of understanding the reading As a matter of fact, in teaching a language, if they, the teachers, want their students have good mastery of a language, in spoken one, their ability to understand needs to be considerably more extensive than their ability to speak. It means that they, before drilling them self to speak, must drill them self to listen or to understand the dialogues. On the other wise, the learning models of dialogues( conversation ) which have been skillfully contrived to accelerate oral production, do not always contain a sufficiently a large number of those features of natural speech, that is the great deal of information which is redundant. In this case, for example, utterance to be more structured and complete, and the level of redundancy will be generally low.
In addition, in order to be able to cope with real life language situations, they need regular and frequent training through a programme of listening comprehension with suitable varied models of natural speech from the earliest stages, for instance, in a language course. Shortly, they have actually to learn to listen, just as they have to learn to speak. It just the same way if they want to learn e. language, in written one, they need to be able to read more easily than they can write.
Furthermore, there is an interdependence of oral skills in communication. For the oral communication is a two-way process between the listener and speaker Thus, between the speaker and listener cannot be separated each other. In this case the speaker does not always initiate : he also responds to what ho has heard ( as for example when he answers questions or makes a comment ), while the listener does not always remain silent : he is normally expected to make some sort of responses ( which may not always be verbal, as for example, when he carries out an instruction ).
Talking about the goal of teaching oral production, ( speaking in conversation or dialogue ) Donn Byrne says that the main goal in teaching the productive skill of speaking will be oral fluency : the ability to express oneself intelligibly, reasonably, accurately, and without undue hesitation ( otherwise, communication may break down because the listener loses interest or gets impatients ). By the explanation above, means that in learning dialogue the students must be drilled to express their own ideas freely and precisely. The role of the teachers are as the conductor. They must make stimuli for the students to express their own ideas about the topics they have been being discussed. And when the students get difficulties they must guide them, as well make correction when students do mistakes. To attain a good result of teaching-learning dialogue process the teacher have to make corrections immediately when the students do mistakes.
The other factor that can influence the students in learning a foreign language is motivation. As teacher, we, sometime find students who do not pay attention to the lessons beeing tought them, they get tired of learning the language ( foreign language ) because they fell that they get nothing of learning the language, they can not speak in the language they have been learn. According to Donn Byrne, the ability to speak ( oral production ) is a good motivation for the students. In this case he, further more, says that the development of oral production is a good source of motivation for most learners, who are normally much concerned to be able to speak and to understand a foreign language. To point how the importance of motivation in learning a foreign language, he give us more explanation : satisfaction at being able to say a small number of sentences after a few lessons must be sustained by demonstrating to the students that they can say progressively more and more through the language as the course continues.
To support the good achievement in learning a foreign language, especially conversation, the teachers have also to think about the students' intelligibility of the language that they have been being learnt. Intelligibility is usually defined in phonological terms ( e.g. being able to make the difference between essentials sounds such as /i/ and /i/ as they occur in the two words leave and live ). It is not only importance for the level of basic understanding or elementary but also for the purpose of oral fluency. Clearly, in order to make the students to be able to speak or communicate effectively, the teachers must teach the students an adequate mastery of grammar and vocabulary as well as phonology. It is better to remember that over-learning in any of these areas will serve no purpose if it excessively slows down progress in the others. It demands the teachers to be able to devide the available time in teaching them to the students, which one is must presented first, etc. It will be necessary to concentrate on the essential features such as the differences between key sounds, weak forms, basic stress and intonation patterns, and more importance will need to be attached to receiption of these features than production, as the consequence the amount of the time available for systematic speech training is bound to be limited.
After seeing the existence of the dialogue and all of its aspects in learning the dialogue, the main duty of the teachers is to choose the best method that mist be done to get the effective teaching-learning process Talking about methods, in teaching dialogues or conversation, they had been discussed for along time. There are many methods, namely :
1) Direct method
2) Audio lingual method
3) Silent Way method
4) Community Language Learning ( CLL ) method
5) Total Physical Respond ( TPR ) method.
In the direct method, the material is presented in the foreign language ( bahasa tujuan ) The students are forced to speak and think in the foreign language. The experts of this method had assumption that learning a foreign language just the same as learning the native language. The Audio lingual method teaches students to speak using the drill technique ( with all of its varities ) and mim-mem. In this method the mistaken of speaking is avoided because it does not support the development of speaking. In the Silent Way method the students are forced to keep silent and to listen carefully because they must repeat the teacher's samples after being given once though. Teaching conversation using Community Language Learning method means the students are given the time to express their own ideas to the teacher. The function of the teachers are as the facilitator, the counselor, the Bain source, and also as the translator. In this method the mistakes are regarded as the development of the students' language. The newest method in teaching conversation or teaching a foreign language is the Total Physical Respond ( TPR ) method. In this method, the students must postpone their ability to speak, they must develop their ability to listen first. This method, in Indonesian schools, is used for teaching the students of the Junior High school level.
As we have already known, some methods in teaching dialogue to the students, there have not been a methods which most effective to teach students conversation. Dr. Sri Utari Subyakto N. said that :
Jadi, hingga saat inikita belum pasti mengenai metode mana yang paling efektif dalam mengajar berbicara BT ( bahasa tujuan ) kepada pelajar. Kita semua mengenal gejala "pelajar yang mengetahui dan hafal pola-pola kalimat bahasa tujuan, tetapi yang belum mampu berkomunikasi secara wajar". Gejala ini disinyalir oleh para guru bahasa sebagai gejala yang kurang memuaskan dan yang menyebabkan perkembangan-perkembangan yang mutakhir dalam pengajaran bahasa. Ada dua hal lagi atau kekurangan yang belum terpenuhi, yakni (a) makna dari bentuk / struktur bahasa yang dipakai, dan (b) kemampuan untuk mengetahui apa yang harus dikatakan pada waktu atau saat yang tepat.
From the statement above it is clear that the condition of teaching foreign language in Indonesian schools have not been on the target of teaching.
clip_image006Now, the writer wants to present two kinds of ties in teaching conversation using Communicative approach. Two communicative activities are :
(1) Pra-communicative activities, and
(2) Communicative activities.
(1) Pra-communicative Activities.
Pra-communicative is the communication which hasn't been able to be called true communicative communication, because there hasn't an element that is needed in order that the communication is able to be called an appropriate and natural communication, that is there is not an information gap.
The activities are the presentations in :
(a) Technique of Dialogue.
That is to memorize sentences in the dialogue form, and to dramatize sentences fluently before drilling with structural-drill and vocabulary. The use of this method is to improve the fluency of pronouncing words or sentences, and to avoid the afraidness in pronouncing.
(b) Dialogue with picture ( for the SLTP levels ).
The teacher brings pictures shown to the students by asking the name of the pictures one by one.
e.g. : Teacher : “ What is this ? “
Students : “That's a book “. Etc
(c) Guided dialogue.
The teacher drills students in the question and answer forms in the purpose language ( FL ).
e.g. : Teacher : "Are you going to………this morning?"
Ss : " Yes, I am ". or " No, I am not "
(d) Dramatitation of an activity.
For example the teacher is running, smilling, etc., then asks the students : “What am I doing ?” students answer : " You're running " etc.
(e) Picture in profession.
For example : A doctor in his uniform ( white etc )
A teacher in front of black board, etc.
Then the teacher asks : “What is he / she ?”
Students answer : " He / she is a doctor " etc.
(f) Dialogue with picture.
For example, the picture in point (e). The teacher shows the picture detailly, then asks the students.
e.g. : Teacher : " What is the doctor wearing ? ".
Ss. : " A white coat "," A pair of glasses".
(g) Question-answer technique.
The teacher chooses the basic material of the lessons includes structure and vocabulary. For example the teacher has taught the ‘Past tense’ form of English and vocabulary, the make a dialogue :
Teacher : " What did you do this morning at 07.00 ? "
Students : " I went by bus to school "
(h) Completing sentences, paragraph or short story. The teacher presents uncomplete sentences, then the students are asked to complete them.
e.g. : My sister likes going to the movies, but my brother…………………….. ( does not like it, or likes playing soccer )
During this activities is done, the teacher has to master the condition in conducting it.
The main goals which will be gainned of this stage are :
(a) Students are involved in every drill orally, and
(b) Students begin to have braveness to open their mouth to speak though they haven't express their own ideas,
(2) Communicative Activities.
On this stage, the teacher begins to enless his role in speaking in front of the class, while students begin to play role in class to speak. The activities of this stage are : (a) Community Language Learning ( CLL ) method.
The teacher divides the students into groups, each , group has a leader. Students exchange to speak something and then continue in the group, so that the communication will become a complete story. The conversation is recorded on a tape recorder, and replays then. After all, the teacher discusse about the conversation with the students. In this case the teacher's role is to controle the activities :
giving answers, suggestions, or even translations when the students get difficulties.
(b) Giving assignment to the students.
The teacher can give students a role to be played. For example; If the student becomes a teacher, and the other student as his student. Then, they are asked to play those roles, teacher and student.
This role play can be varied fit to the level of the students.
(c) Social formulas and dialogues.
What is meant by the Social formulas is the presentation of social formulas which are needed in communication ( social communication ), for example ; greeting, leaving, introducing someone, Excusing, expressing emotion of angrying, sad, disappointed, happy, satisfy, and so on.
(d) Community-oriented assignment.
The students are asked to make communication with the native speakers. This activity is could be conducted in places where many native speakers stay in. For example: in a state embassy ( foreign embassy ), state
offices, and so on. If those places are impossible to
get, the teacher can ask students to become tourist
guide, translators, etc.
(e) Problem solving activities.
The students are asked to solve problems that are made by the teacher. To support this activities, the teacher can play a role in it. For instance, the teacher make a topics of "Climbing a mountain". The teacher divides the students into groups, each group should discusses about the mountain climbing, what are needed to overcome this problem, what should be prepared to climb a mount. The teacher can also give suggestion, answer, and so on, when they need.
To complete the explanation above, it is better for the writer to makes conclusions related to the activities in teaching students conversation ( speaking ). According to Finacchiaro and Brumfit says that the activities that can be conducted in teaching students speaking, as follows :
(1) Making question-answer or dialogue in classroom.
(2) Giving guides are used in classroom.
(3) Using "Gouin series". Asking students to play role in complete sentences of the realistics context.
(4) Asking students to prepare the original sentences based on communicative terms, structures, or notions which have been discussed.
(5) Answering questions based on the experiences in class
room or in the community.
(6) Composing appropriate questions to the teacher or
the other students based on a reading text they have
(7) Identifying names of objects on the flanegraph
(8) clip_image007Retelling a story they have read, their experiences
in their own sentences. In addition, the teacher can
give some key words ( essential words ).
(9) Composing a report of a topic that has been prepared
and answer the questions of the topic.
(10) Setting conversation. For instance, talking about a bank, a library, etc.
(11) Playing language games.
(12) Making conversation of discussion, panel forms, etc. In this case the students are demanded to be able to express their own ideas, for instance, agreement, disagreement, doubt, and so on, being relevant to the topic is being discussed.
(13) Making phone communication.
(14) Playing role in a modern drama.
By the explanation above, it is clear that the ability in mastering the dialogue has a great role in learning the language. It shows also how the importance of the ability in mastering dialogue of a language, if they want to make use a language they have learnt for their life.
For there are many methods in teaching dialogues of a language, while the experts haven't found yet the best method in teaching productive skill of speaking or conversation. So that the teachers must be able to choose , the best, method ( one of them ) fit to the condition of the students, classes, and levels.
It is undoubtedly, that by mastering productive skill the students will of course get advantages to develop their ability to use English as a means of communication When students learning English only memorize vocabularies and the structural rules without practising to use English, they will never master English as a means of communication. In this case, the teacher should allow the students to do what they want to learn. And also the choice of methods and techniques will determine the achievement of learning of English as a means of communication.
I. THE SYSTEM OF WRITING
The meaning of system of writing is the frame of the thesis or the contents of it in a short explanation.
In writing this thesis, the writer divides it into introduction, contents, and ending which consist of file chapters completed with bibliography, the list of the errata, curriculum vitae and appendixes. Below the writer will explain the frame work of the thesis.
Chapter I : Introduction.
This chapter explains about the first step in writing this thesis. The contents of introduction are the limitation of the title, the problematical background, the formulation of the problem, the hypothesis, the reason of choosing the title, the purposes and uses of writing, the research method, theoriticali basis, and the system of writing.
Chapter II : The general Description of MAN Magelang. In this chapter, the writer will
explain the general description of MAN Magelang which consists of the location and geographical condition of MAN Magelang, the brief history and its establishment of the school, the structure of the school organization, the condition of teachers, students and employees at MAN Magelang, the facilities of MAN Magelang and the teaching of English at MAN Magelang in general
Chapter III : The Teaching of Dialogue at MAN Magelang.
This chapter explains the goal of the curriculum of English, especially conversation, the materials of teaching-learning conversation, the methods used in teaching dialogue at MAN Magelang.
Chapter IV : The Influence of the Ability in Mastering Dialogue on the Achievement in
Learning English at MAN Magelang. The writer will explain, in this chapter, the influence of the ability in mastering English dialogue on achievement in learning English to the second year students at MAN Magelang. To prove it the writer will use the technique of correlation. The writer will also give the data of the dialogue test and the data of the achievement in learning English and the correlation between them.
Chapter V : Conclusion and Suggestion.
The last chapter explains the ending of this thesis It contains the conclusion of the influence of the ability in mastering dialogue on the achievement in learning English the suggestions and the closing words.
After the last chapter, the writer completes this thesis with bibliography, the list of errata, the curriculum vitae and the appendixes.
 A S Hornby, Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary. f Current English, (Great Bitain: Oxford University Press 1988 ), p. 437.
 Prof. Sir Randolph Quirk, Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. N.Edn. ( Great Britain by Richard C. Ltd. Bungai Suffolk, 1987 ) p. 538.
 Noah Webster, Webster's Approved Dictionary (the World Publishing Company, Cleveland, New York, 1951) p.10.
 Prof. Sir Randolph Quirk, 0 p c i t , p. 2
 ibid p.644
 ibid p.281
 AS Hornby opcit, p.238
 Prof. Sir Randolph Quirk, 0 p c i t , p. 7.
 Noah Webster opcit, p.562
 Prof.Sir Randolph Quirk, Opcit, p.336
 Kurikulum M A, 1984, Garis-garis Besar Program pengajaran, Bahasa Inggris, Depag, 1989, p. vii
 Mary Finocchiaro, English as a Second Language : n Theory to Practice, New Edition, Regenta Publishing, ., New York, 1974, p. 3.
 Ibid, p.5
 The New Grolier Webster International Dictionary of the English Language. ( New York, Grolier corporated, Encyclopedic Edition, Vol. II, 1971 ) p. 781
 Suharsimi Arikunto, Prosedur Penelitian : Suatu Pendekatan Praktik, ( Jakarta : PT.Rineka Cipta, 1991)p.102
 Ibid p.107
 Funk and Wagnalls, New Collets Standard Dictionary. ( USA : Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1965 ), p, 750
 Webster Noah,LL,D., Webster's Twentieth Century dictionary. ( William Collins Publisher, Inc.,Unbridged , second Edition Deluxe-Color, 1980 ), p. 1871
 Prof. Drs. Sutrisno Hadi MA. , Metodologi Research. ( Yogyakarta Andi Offset,1989 ), p. l36.
 Webster Noah,LL,D., opcit p.962
 Prof. Drs. Sutrisno Hadi MA., opcit, p.193
 A S Hornby, 0 p c i t , p. 893
 Meriam Webster, Webster's New International dictionary. ( USA : Meriam Company, Second Edition, Vol. I, 1956 ), p. 684
 Ibid, p.2806
 Anas Sudijono, Pengantar Statistik Pendidikan , Jakarta : CV Rajawali , 1987 ), p. 77
 Anas Sudijono, Pengantar Statistik Pendidikan. Jakarta : CV. Rajawali, 1987 ) p. 207
 Donn Byrne, Tecnic Oral English. ( Hong Kong: i Tai Cheung Printing Co Ltd., Sixth impression, 1980 )p.8
 Ibid, p.8.
 Dr. Sri Utari Subyakto N., Metodologi Pengajaran bahasa., (Depdikbud : Jakarta 1988) p.152
 Ibid, p.152
 Donn Byrne, Opcit, pp. 9-10
 Ibid p.10
 Dr. Sri Utari Subyakto N. , O p c i t , p. 153
 Ibid, p.154
 Ibid p.158
 Mary Finocchiaro and Christoper Brumfit, The functional Notional Approache.: From Theory to Practice,( Oxford University Press , 1983 ) pp.141 -142
THE INFLUENCE OF THE ABILITY IN MASTERING DIALOGUE ON THE ACHIEVEMENT IN LEARNING ENGLISH TO THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS AT M.A.N. MAGELANG